top of page

Courtesy (Yi Um)

Integrity (Yom Chi)

Perserverence (Il Nae)

Self Control (Guk Gi)

Indomitable Spirit (Baekjul Boolgool)



Courtesy (Yi Um)


It can be said that courtesy is an unwritten regulation prescribed by an ancient teacher of philosophy as a means to enlighten a heman being while maintaining a harmonious society. It can further be as an ultimate criterion required of a mortal.

Tae Kwon-Do students should attempt to practice the following elements of courtesy to build up their noble character and to conduct the training in an orderly manner as well.

  • To promote the spirit of mutual concessions.

  • To be ashamed of one's vices, contempting those of others.

  • To be polite to one another.

  • To encourage a sense of justice and humanity.

  • To distinguish instructor from student, senior from junior, and elder from younger.

  • To behave oneself according to etiquette.

  • To respect others' possesions.

  • To handle matters with fairness and sincerity.

  • To refrain from giving or accepting a gift when in doubt.


Integrity (Yom Chi)


In Tae Kwon-Do, the word integrity assumes a looser definition than the one usually presented in Webster's dictionary. One must be able to define right and wrong and have the conscience, if wrong, to feel guilt. Listed are some examples, where integrity is lacking.


The instructor who misrepresents themselves and their art by presenting improper techniques to their students due to their lack of knowledge or apathy.

  • The student who misrepresents themselves by "fixing" breaking materials before demonstrations.

  • The instructor who camouflages bad techniques with luxurious training halls and false flattery to their students.

  • The student who requests rank from an instructor, or attempts to purchase it.

  • The student who gains rank for ego purposes or the feeling of power.

  • The instructor who teaches and promotes their art for marerialistic gains.

  • The student whose actions do not live up to his words.

  • The student who feels ashamed to seek opinions from their juniors.


Perseverance (In Nae)


There is an old Oriental saying, "Patience leads to virtue or merit". "One can make a peacful home by being patient 100 times". Certainly, happiness and prosperity are most likely brought to the patient person. To achieve something, whether it is a higher degree or the perfection of a technique, one must set his goal, then constantly persevere. Robert the Bruce learned his lesson of perseverance from the persistant efforts of a lowly spider. It was this perseverance and tenacity that finally enabled him to free Scotland in the fourteenth century. One of the most important secrets in becoming a leader of Tae Kwon-Do is to overcome every difficulty by perseverance. Confucius said; "one who is impatient in trivial matters can seldom achieve success in matters of great importance".


Self-Control (Guk Gi)


This tenet is extremely important inside and outside the do jang, whether conducting oneself in free sparring or in one's personal affairs. A loss of self-control in free sparring can prove disasterous to both student and opponent. An inability to live and work within one's capability or sphere is also a lack of self-control.


According to Lao-Tzu "the term of stronger is the person who wins over oneself rather than someone else".


Indomitable Spirit (Baekjul Boolgool)


"Here lie 300, who did their duty", a simple epitaph for one of the greatest acts of courage known to mankind. Although facing the superior forces of Xerxes, Leonidas and his 300 Spartans at Thermopylae showed the world the meaning of indomitable spirit. It is shown when a courageous person and his principles are pitted against overwhelming odds.


A serious student of Tae Kwon-Do will at all times be modest and honest. If confonted with injustice, he will deal with the belligerent without any fear or hesitation at all, with indomitable spirit, regardless of whosoever and however many the number may be.


Confucius declared; "it is an act of cowardice to fail to speak out against injustice". As history has proven, those who have pursued their dreams earnestly and strenuously with indomitable spirit have never failed to achieve their goals.

bottom of page